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了解家族历史有什么利弊?

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了解家族历史有什么利弊?

饥饿英语 顾家北 2020-06-03

01 作文素材


Knowing, recording, and preserving your family history directly impacts you, your family, and even future generations of people you may never know. Find out how and why family history matters.

“A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.” —Marcus Garvey

The United States celebrates October as National Family History Month and for good reason. Knowing, recording, preserving, and sharing our family histories can provide countless benefits to individuals, families, and entire societies. Family history is more than pedigree charts, censuses, and birthdates—it can be a powerful antidote against adverse life experiences that we face today, giving us a stronger understanding of who we are and motivating us to deepen our roots for generations to come.


Core Identity

Knowing our cultural background and where we came from can help us develop a strong sense of who we really are. The way we relate to our family stories and create our own narratives about ourselves helps establish our unique, authentic core identity.


Connection

Forming relationships with family past, present, and future can fill an innate need in us.Human beings desire attachment, belonging, and connection. The relationships we form with other people can be incredibly durable, not only with people in our present, but also with people in our past and future. The more we discover about our past, the greater a connection we feel to our ancestors. As we record our own history, we open the opportunity for future generations to connect with us when we are gone.

In a popular TED talk entitled, Everything You Think You Know about Addiction Is Wrong, British journalist Johann Hari teaches that the opposite of addiction is not sobriety, it is connection. Connecting with members of our family past and present by learning their history fills an innate need in each one of us.


Compassion

Learning the history of our ancestors helps us gain a greater understanding of the challenges they faced, and it often inspires greater love and compassion for their flaws and mistakes. This compassion can easily translate to our relationships with the living, within our families and outside them. We all face hard things. Remembering that fact in the context of others’ shortcomings allows us to be better employees, managers, spouses, parents, children, siblings, and human beings.

 

Resilience

Knowing our family history builds resilience. In learning about our ancestors’ lives, we can see patterns of overcoming failures and surviving hard times. Their stories remind us that surely not everything in life will work easily, that disappointments occur and inequalities exist, but that we can recover, triumph, and find happiness despite hardships.

Knowing our family history can foster a sense of identity and who we are.

Bruce Feiler, in an article for the New York Times, summarizes a study about the resilience of children: “The more children knew about their family’s history, the stronger their sense of control over their lives, the higher their self-esteem and the more successfully they believed their families functioned. [It] turned out to be the best single predictor of children’s emotional health and happiness.”      

 

Selflessness

How records and family history impact generations to come.William Dade was an 18th-century cleric in Yorkshire, England. Although he never married and had no children of his own, he promoted the practice of including as much information as possible in parish registers. Because of his efforts, many registers of this period contain rich information for genealogists. Amy Harris, a family history professor at Brigham Young University, refers to this type of selfless effort as genealogical consciousness. The act of being aware of and having a sense of responsibility to our ancestors, progenitors, and all of future humankind is an act of altruistic selflessness.

The ability to cooperate and act selflessly is unique to humanity. Harris teaches that it is what allows us to harness the “power of millions and billions.” Learning our history, recording it, and preserving it blesses not only our related family, but the entire human family.

 

Self-Worth

How family history and family relationships strengthen you.As we dive into our own family histories, we see events unfold on both a large scale and a personal scale. Contemplating the enormity of mankind while reading about the hand of the Lord in our ancestors’ lives bears record to us of His concern and immense love for each of us personally. Our worth and value is great in His sight. We are loved and known by Him.

Our family history goes beyond the names and dates we find in our tree. It’s about what makes us who we are. It’s about people with whom we can form deep connections. It’s about people who lived and breathed and suffered and triumphed. It’s about roots and branches and leaves and entire forests. It’s about all of us.


02丨词伙翻译


preserving your family history  保存你的家族史

adverse life experiences   不良生活经历  

we relate to our family stories   我们理解我们的家庭故事  

establish our unique, authentic core identity  建立我们独特、真实的核心身份  

Forming relationships with  与…建立关系  

fill an innate need 满足天生的需要  

the greater a connection we feel  我们感觉到的联系越大  

history of our ancestors   我们祖先的历史  

the challenges they faced  他们面临的挑战  

inspires greater love and compassion  激发更大的爱和同情心  

builds resilience  增强恢复力  

overcoming failures and surviving hard times  战胜失败,渡过难关  

foster a sense of identity  培养认同感  

stronger their sense of control over their lives  增强他们对生活的控制感  

emotional health  心理健康  

an act of altruistic selflessness  无私的行为  

act selflessly  无私地奉献  

harness the “power  利用“权力”  

see events unfold  看事件展开


03丨相关作文题


It becomes more popular to find out the history of one's family. What are the reasons for people to do this and do you think it is a positive or negative development?   

了解一个人的家庭历史变得越来越流行。人们这样做的原因是什么?你认为这是积极的还是消极的发展?


题目解析:

混合类题目。第一问确定C,思考原因。第二问确定A,思考影响。



第一个问题的观点:

遗传角度:

A 人们觉得基因对自己有影响

B 希望知道祖先的性格和历史

 C对家庭历史感兴趣 (回答第一个问题)


科技角度:

A 科技发达

B很多文献电子化

C 让人们有更多机会去在网络上获得关于自己家族的信息


社会角度:

A全球化或者环境因素,导致人们分居各地

B缺乏归属感

C对自己家族历史感兴趣


第二个问题的观点:

A调查家庭历史 

B 知道祖先的生活和事迹

C有助于学习好的经验,用于自己的人生决策

A关注家族的历史

B将家族史和个人成功联系一起

C忽视了个人的努力


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